How Honey Crystallizes
Honey is a super-saturated sugar solution, containing primarily the sugars glucose and fructose. After honey has been extracted from the comb, eventually the glucose will begin to precipitate out, forming solid crystals. Once the crystals begin to form, they rapidly spread throughout the honey. The granulated honey may appear to be solid, but in fact the granulation process creates a latticework of glucose sugar crystals, with the other components of the honey remaining in a liquid state.
It’s a Natural Process
Virtually all types of RAW honey will crystallize in time. Some types of honey may crystallize very rapidly, while others may remain liquid for years, usually heat-treated ones. Sometimes, though, naturally crystallized honey granulates with coarse crystals, resulting in a product that most people wouldn’t care to eat. But the natural crystallization process can be controlled to create a delectable product usually called creamed honey, or spun honey. As mentioned above, the crystallized honey is part liquid and part solid. Since the solid crystals contain no water, the remaining liquid portion of the honey contains a higher concentration of water than before crystallization.
Want to Reverse the Process?
If you have some crystallized or granulated honey that you wish to liquefy – it’s very easy to restore it to a liquid state. Simply place the jar of honey in a pan of warm water, and leave it until the heat has melted all of the honey crystals. Just take care not to get the honey warmer than necessary, because that will damage the flavor of the honey and destroy the naturally occuring enzymes, pollen, vitamins and minerals. If the water temperature is just on the verge of being too hot for you to put your hand in it, then that’s about the right temperature for the honey. If it’s too hot for your hand, it’s too hot for the honey. DO NOT MICROWAVE!
Granulated Honey and Powdered Honey
Just as you can buy granulated and powdered sugar, you can also buy granulated honey and powdered honey and use them just like sugar. These products, though, are made from dehydrated honey, not honey that has crystallized. A bit confusing, since granulated can refer to either crystallized or dehydrated honey.